• Walnut, Wenge, Suarina, Acacia, Bamboo, Cherry and Maple (veneer and solid wood)
Dust wood furniture regularly with a dry, soft cloth to keep it looking its best. Always clean it with mild products or simply use a soft cloth, or even better a chamois, rinsed in cold or lukewarm water and thoroughly wrung out.
Avoid the use of wax or oil-based polishes to prevent build-up. Furniture oil is not recommended on these finishes, as the surface has been sealed. Don’t use oil ammonia-based products to clean wood veneer. They can damage the surface or create a cloudy finish.
Depending on use, the surface should be polished as much as once a month or as little as once a year. Polishing will clean the surface, as well as bring out the deep, beautiful color of the wood.
Over time, air and sunlight will change the color of natural wood. You can occasionally rotate items placed on your wood furniture to allow a more uniform color to develop.
• Teak (indoor teak furniture)
Teak wood is noted for its beauty and durability. Much of the unique coloring of teak actually comes from oil in the wood itself. The proper application of teak oil to furniture used indoors will help maintain the original luster and color and will, in time, add a deeper richness to the appearance.
To new teak furniture, apply teak oil with a soft cloth and coat the wood in the direction of the grain. Allow the oil to soak into the grain for about fifteen minutes. Wipe away excess oil with a soft cloth and allow the wood to dry completely. This application should be repeated approximately three or four times a year, depending on the humidity and sunlight in the room.
If the teak furniture is soiled, gently apply teak oil with 0000 steel wool using very light pressure, then wipe the wood with a clean cloth in the direction of the wood grain.
Some people prefer to cover their furniture if they are not using it for long periods of time, which will keep the wood clean and protected. If using protective covers, it is important to use only breathable covers that do not trap humidity but allow constant ventilation.
As with all fine furniture, excessive humidity is to be avoided.
Teak wood will change color over time. New teak furniture typically has more of a brown color, but over time from exposure to light, the teak will take on a beautiful golden hue. Direct sunlight speeds up the color change in teak. If an object is left on your teak furniture such as a vase, it can leave a spot. This is because the hidden surface under the teak has not had the opportunity to change color as rapidly as the rest of the surface.
Care Tips in general:
Room Climate Control
Wood, when first cut, contains more than 50 percent water. When it is prepared for furniture construction it is placed in a kiln and the moisture content is brought down to 8 – 10 percent. Wood is porous and responds to its environment. If the room has high humidity it will absorb it and expand, and if the humidity is low it will lose moisture and shrink.
It is important that the humidity levels in the room be controlled from extremes of too much humidity or too little. Furniture should not be placed close to air-condition outlets, fire places, radiators, space heaters, humidifiers or dehumidifiers. Exposure to extreme variations of temperature and humidity can damage any fine wood product.
The Ideal Environment for Fine Furniture
Fine wood furniture will have fewer problems when its environment is controlled at a temperature between 65 and 75 degrees, and a relative humidity between 35 and 40 percent. Wood placed in an environment outside of those limits can and will shrink or expand and may develop some small cracks which are not material or structural defects.
Sticking Doors and Drawers
With the minor changes in temperature and humidity, doors and drawers may swell and be difficult to open or close. Tolerances have been built into the units but extreme conditions may still cause sticking. This will adjust back to normal over time but until it does, consider using a dehumidifier or rub candle wax or paraffin on the sides that stick.
Avoid Direct Sunlight
Keep the furniture out of direct sunlight. Ultraviolet rays will fade colors and in some cases darken them. It can also cause crazing or hair line cracks in the finish. White finishes will yellow naturally over time and exposure to direct sunlight will hasten this natural process along with some woods darkening naturally over time; this is not considered to be a quality defect.
If you need to put your furniture in storage for any period of time, do not store them in a damp basement or hot dry attic. Allow air movement around the furniture and do not stack anything on it.
Wood Furniture and Alcohol Stains
Alcohol stains are caused by spilled drinks and by many medicines, lotions and perfumes. Since alcohol dissolves many finishes, it is important to react quickly. Wipe up the spill quickly and, if necessary, clean with a damp soft cloth.
Veneer is a thin layer of an expensive, desirable wood, usually over other solid materials or MDF. Veneer has been used since Roman times, when it was used with stone and wood.